The functioning and development of any company are impossible without a strong team of professionals. The importance of hiring qualified personnel is difficult to underestimate. Hiring mistakes can be too costly for the HR department and the organization as a whole. That is why it is crucial for the recruitment process to be effective and thought through.
What Is a Hiring Process?
Personnel recruitment is the process of attracting and selecting qualified specialists for timely and high-quality staffing in accordance with company needs. To improve the recruitment effectiveness of your HR department, it is necessary to choose the right way to evaluate applicants.
At the same time, the recruitment must be preceded by identifying staffing needs, analyzing job descriptions and vacancies offered, and assessing the required professional and personal qualities of candidates.
The organization's recruitment department typically needs to look for new employees when:
A new company or branch is created;
The organization’s operation scale is expanding; or
It is necessary to find a new employee to replace a resigned or fired employee.
The Hiring Process Step-by-Step
Hiring employees is a critical component of effective company performance. The right search and selection strategy will help avoid wasting time, money, and effort from the corporate side.
Step 1. Defining the Vacancy
The search for a new candidate should always begin with determining vacancy. The management prepares an instruction with a detailed vacancy description. It includes identifying:
The job title
The function and objectives of the position in the organization
The job scope
The growth prospects for the position
The salary and possible bonuses
Step 2. Budgeting the Recruitment Process
Before you start recruiting, think about the possible costs and decide how much you are willing to spend on this process. Before beginning the search for specialists, assess the labor market for the demand for specialists of the desired profile, the offers on the market for salary levels, the degree of attractiveness of the working conditions you offer.
When planning your hiring budget, consider:
The number and specifics of vacancies
The average or projected filling cost of each vacant unit
The most appropriate sources and tools for recruitment
Step 3. Hiring Strategy Development
In the job market, attracting the best talent requires a carefully crafted hiring strategy tailored to the company’s goals and needs.
Thus, in this hiring process step, it is crucial to choose the recruitment sources. HR specialists must select the most optimal source of employee search. To decide which approach to recruiting will work best for your organization, consider the following factors:
What is your vision and approach to company growth?
How fast is your company developing?
What kind of employees do you want to hire? Are you looking for entry-level candidates or unique players with special knowledge, skills, and experience?
What growth opportunities do you offer your employees?
There are two recruitment sources: internal, within the organization’s talent pool, and external, outside the company’s staff.
There are various methods of hiring employees:
Advertising in specialized publications
Reaching out to casual job seekers
Placing a vacancy on television, social media, and public places
Using job search sites
Each of these sources has its pros and cons. The recruitment method choice depends on the vacancy, the company’s scale and goals, and the hiring process's budgeting.
Step 4. Creating the Ideal Candidate Profile
It is necessary to draw up portraits of the ideal and acceptable candidates considering such requirements as:
Age of the candidate
Education (level and specialization)
Professional knowledge and skills
Desirable and undesirable psychological qualities and characteristics of the candidate
The candidate profile must include all the essential qualities for the position. For instance, you may list such characteristics as proficiency in foreign languages and knowledge of software products, if applicable.
Step 5. The Interview Process
The interview is a critical hiring process step that may consist of several rounds. A well-prepared interview significantly increases recruitment success and the quality of the future staff members’ work.
For a successful interview, an HR specialist must prepare:
Enough time per candidate
A room or a virtual environment
A discussion plan with a list of questions
An evaluation form
Step 6. Candidate Selection and Onboarding
After an interview round is completed, the person or team responsible for recruitment goes through the results. The candidate selection procedure goes as follows:
Candidates’ evaluation. The interviewers fill up the evaluation forms.
Result assessment. The HR manager goes through the forms and compares the applicants’ results.
Background check for the leading applicants. The top candidates’ criminal records and employment history are reviewed to verify the provided information.
Reference check if applicable. The recruitment personnel contacts the applicant’s previous workplace or educational institution to inquire about the person’s performance.
Decision. The candidate is selected. Other valuable applicants may be placed in the talent pool if consent is given.
Job offer. The HR manager offers the position to the chosen candidate and discusses the details.
Hiring. The candidate signs the contract when accepting the position.
Onboarding. The new employee goes through training at the workplace and receives the necessary instructions for a successful beginning of employment.
Step 7. Assessing the Recruitment Process Results
Traditionally, companies use metrics to measure the effectiveness and quality of the hiring process. They may include such factors as:
The average cost of hiring one employee
Implementation of the candidate selection plan
Vacancy closing date
Plan Your Hiring Process
The recruitment process's complexity is not only in selecting a qualified employee but also in the steps preceding it. Defining the need for recruitment and creating a detailed strategy is where the key to a successful hiring process lies.
It is also crucial for recruitment personnel to understand that the hiring process does not end when the contract is signed. Effective onboarding and recruitment analytics are critical components of long-term corporate success.